„The National Museum in Warsaw was founded in 1862 as the Museum of Fine Arts and is now one of the oldest museums in the country. After Poland regained its independence in 1918, the National Museum was assigned a significant role in the plans of the new state and its capital, Warsaw, and the modernist building in which it is now located was built in 1927 – 1938. Today, The National Museum boasts a collection of around 830,000 works of art from Poland and abroad from ancient times to the present, including paintings, sculptures, drawings, graphics, photographs, coins, as well utility items and design.”
The National Museum in Warsaw is located in the heart of the Polish capital. It is a modernist building with a simple shape the most recognizable in the city.
The history of the museum begins in 1862 when its prototype was the Museum of Fine Arts which often changed its headquarters. Then, based on completed collections, it was transformed in 1916 into the National Museum. Subsequently, a decision was made to built a building important to the Polish culture. The aim of the institution was to educate Polish artists and to make the collections available to a wider audience.
The author of the project, according to which the museum building was finally built is Tadeusz Tolwinski, an architect, representative of the neo-baroque and modernism. In his project approved in 1927, he drew from classicist designs and introduced innovative solutions at that time. In addition, he was a person actively involved in the development of the city of and other places in Poland, where support was needed after the losses of World War II. The construction of the museum began in 1927, in 1931 two pavilions were ready, in 1938 it was opened to the public. The outbreak of the Second World War interrupted the expansion, the building was damaged, not completely, so the reconstruction succeeded. Expansion in later years was resumed and new building elements were created.
The museum has been developing to these days, it currently has 830,000 works from Poland and abroad, from antiquity to the present, coming from many artistic fields.
The exhibition „Dream and Reality” which took place in 2016 on the occasion of 100th anniversary of the creation of the museum, was very important, depicting the history of the construction of the building. The museum has four branches: Poster Museum of Wilanow, Museum of Sculpture, Xawery Dunikowski at Krolikarnia, the Museum of Interiors in Otwock Wielki and the Museum in Nieborow and Arkadia. It is a place where lectures are held for those interested and wanting to explore their knowledge of artistic topics. The museum has permanent galleries in which works of art create a coherent story about Polish, European and world art. The modernized interiors show the heritage of civilization while retaining the differences of the ages and regions, the whole is narrative showing a universal panorama a culture and art from antiquity, through the Middle Ages to the present day.
The museum has permanent galleries: -Farras Gallery – Medieval Art Gallery – Old Art Gallery – 19th Century Art Gallery – XX and XXI Art Gallery – Polish Design Gallery and galleries in preparation.
A reference in Polish: http://bit.ly/2FCrcjk
Source: http://www.mnw.art.pl/ ; Internet